Here are some ways the Yahtzee Board Game teaches you everyday Math skills

December 21, 2022 Card Games

Yahtzee improves math skillsMost video games teach you things like hand-eye coordination, storytelling, and cooperation skills. For board games, the benefits can be more practical. Yahtzee, for example, can be used to teach everyday math skills to kids and adults. Unlike learning in a classroom setting, learning Mathematics through games is a lot of fun, and lessons are often remembered more vividly. 

Before getting into the thick of things, let’s learn more about the game and perhaps some interesting facts about Yahtzee

How to Play Yahtzee


Yahtzee is a dice and board game based on Poker. Since Poker involves card combinations, Yahtzee scoring involves number combinations based on your dice rolls. Everything is relatively simple and straightforward, but don’t expect a three-year-old to come in and make an “impact,” so to speak. Older kids could probably hold their own after more familiarity, but the point is everyone can join in on the fun. Younger toddlers are still encouraged to hang around because they will inevitably learn a skill or two just from watching.

The Yahtzee board game has withstood the test of time for a reason. It doesn’t take much to get started, the rules are easy to understand, and the strategizing and decision-making make it fun. The best thing about this game is it’s easily customizable to make room for the kids. The decision is all up to you.

In its traditional state, here is how to play Yahtzee board game

  • The game accommodates two to five players. Each one rolls five dice and decides whether or not to re-roll any of them. The best number combination is a Yahtzee, which is basically a five-of-a-kind.
  • After the three rolls, the player selects which points he qualifies for using her roll. He’ll have lots of options. For example, if the player has four sixes and a two, he can either put it under the “four of a kind” column or the “Sixes” column.
  • Each player gets thirteen rounds to try to fill out their thirteen boxes on the scorecard. The only catch is that once a box is full, it cannot be filled again. That means if you already filled the “Four of a kind” column once, you can’t fill it in again.
  • After 13 rounds, scores are added, and the highest one wins.
  • A Yahtzee is worth 50 points, and a double Yahtzee scores 100. 
  • Totaling 63 points in the Upper Section (Ones, Twos, Threes, Fours, Fives, and Sixes) nets an additional 35 points.

Yahtzee and Math Skills

Playing Yahtzee

Every time numbers and combinations are involved, you get a chance to brush up on your Math skills. Yahtzee’s number-based gameplay system is the perfect delivery method for teaching math, and it doesn’t stop at simple arithmetic. 

If you want something new for your Friday game night, go for it. As previously mentioned, a few bending of the rules to accommodate kids shouldn’t be a crime. Pre-school kids can quickly find out that dice provide an excellent opportunity to work on matching and counting.

Another helpful skill that younger children can acquire by playing Yahtzee is subitizing. In math, subitizing is the ability to recognize a group of small objects without the need to count. Kids will get familiar with how the dots on the fours, fives, and sixes are arranged. Upon seeing two rows of three dots, they’ll readily know that it’s a six without counting. They can then match the dice to form combinations as they internalize how the dots are arranged. 

For older kids, playing Yahtzee helps them recognize patterns, skip counting, speed counting, and other valuable math skills. Middle and high school students also learn statistics and probability. For example, if they draw three numbers, they’d have an idea of the chances of drawing a Yahtzee in the next two rolls. No matter how old you are, playing Yahtzee helps you train your brain for such mathematical computations, often in a flash. 

Modified Yahtzee For Young Kids

If you have young kids in the pre-school age, you may have to get creative if you want to teach them math skills using Yahtzee. And “creative” does not mean complicated. You may pique your child’s interest just by letting him roll the dice until he gets a Yahtzee. From there, you can ask the right questions, such as, “How many dots are in this die?” to start the math “lesson.” 

For older elementary school kids, playing the traditional Yahtzee and keeping track of the score is the best way. However, just like youth sports, the focus is usually on something other than winning and strategies but on familiarizing the basics. In this case, correctly keeping track of the score by developing skills like skip counting is more important than a victory. Skip counting, for instance, is a solid groundwork for multiplication, which the kids would learn later on.

Simple Yahtzee Strategies Based on Mathematics

Yahtzee and scoring

Yahtzee is a game of luck and mathematics, but more on the latter. Kids, adults, and any serious player, regardless of age, could use these simple math-based strategies:

  • The chances of rolling a Yahtzee is one in 22 or 4.61%. Rolling a Yahtzee twice in a row is 1:1,679,616, or just mathematically improbable. Therefore, you are better off looking for better score opportunities rather than focusing on a Yahtzee unless there is a legitimate chance.
  • Speaking of better scoring opportunities, targeting the 35-point bonus in the Upper Section is imperative. You are in excellent shape if you can net at least 50 points for the Sixes, Fives, and Fours.
  • If you roll a Four-of-a-Kind with either Fours, Fives, or Sixes, the best play is to score it in the Upper Section rather than the Lower Section. This option takes you closer to the 35-point bonus.
  • If you roll a Three-of-a-Kind on the first try, don’t settle; always use the two remaining throws to improve your position. Your odds of securing a Full House after this is 16.67%, and there is a 33% chance of turning it into a Four-of-a-Kind.
  • Here’s a pretty interesting scenario. Suppose you roll 1, 1, 2, 4, and 5 on your first roll, and you want to target a Large Straight, you have two strategies to choose from. The first is to keep 1, 2, 4, and 5, and the second is to hold 2, 4, and 5. The idea of the second strategy is to “secure” more chances of throwing a 3 for the Large Straight combination. Which strategy is a better option? It’s actually the first. You’ll have a 30.6% chance in Strategy 1, while Strategy 2 gets you 27.8%. The difference is marginal at best, but playing by the numbers, the better option is the first strategy.

Final Thoughts

Math has wrongly sat on the “bad guy” table for years. If we had been creative enough to gamify learning mathematics, that reputation would have been different. Children predisposed to disliking math are not doing themselves favors; this may lead to varying hindrances to learning and critical thinking. Even though some people naturally excel at numbers, getting kids to learn math through the Yahtzee board game may even out the playing field a little bit.